Diabetic Mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic condition that causes high blood glucose levels over time. When blood glucose reaches excess levels, damage can be caused to the nerves, kidneys, eyes, and blood vessels. When these levels are not controlled, diabetes can cause damage to vital organs and even impair the immune system, reducing the body’s ability to fight off infection. Many of these issues can become serious, and some are even fatal.
When diabetes causes damage to the nervous system, this can impact upon a person’s ability to feel their feet properly. In addition to decreased sensation, secretions of sweat and oil can be impaired. These factors combined can result in abnormal pressure being placed on the skin, bones and joints of the feet. This in turn can cause damage to the blood vessels, and due to a weakened immune system, the body finds it harder to heal wounds. Sufferers are then prone to bacterial infections that can affect the skin, muscles and bones. Unfortunately, these infections are difficult to treat due to poor blood flow preventing antibiotics from reaching the site of infection. As a result, gangrene can easily develop. When this stage is reached, amputation is necessary to ensure the infection does not spread to the blood stream, where it could prove to be fatal.
Those living with diabetes should therefore stay informed and aware of how to prevent foot problems, particularly before they have a chance to occur and worsen. By recognising any issues early and seeking suitable treatment, future serious problems can be avoided. A doctor or podiatrist will be able to provide advice and information to help diabetes sufferers manage their condition at home, as well as teaching them to recognise when to seek professional help.
Sufferers of diabetes can prevent complications involving their feet and legs by practicing good blood sugar control. Examining feet and legs regularly is also recommended, ensuring any problems that develop are identified early on. Suitable footwear should always be worn, including shoes that are comfortable, breathable and well-fitting. In addition to this, regular exercise can be beneficial, as long as injury is avoided. Finally, regular visits to your doctor or podiatrist are recommended to ensure you’re in best health.
Diabetic neuropathy is sometimes experienced in diabetes sufferers, manifesting as a skin sensation that is akin to numbness, tingling, or burning. These painful sensations can negatively impact upon a person’s quality of life. In some cases, they can lead to ulceration and even amputation of the feet and legs.
Burning Feet Syndrome is a condition where an uncomfortable and painful burning sensation is experienced within the feet. One of the common causes of this is diabetic neuropathy. Other causes include: